The Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Assam was set up in the year 1948 to collect, collate and compilation of statistical data for preparation of various plans for the welfare of state as well as the country. Initially, the Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Assam was under the control of the Finance Department but later on, it is brought under the administrative control of the Planning and Development Department, (which is now renamed as Transformation & Development Department) Govt. of Assam. Since inception, this Directorate has been performing quality based services to the Govt. for taking up fruitful plans and programme for greater interest of the State. It publishes different reports to visualize the actual picture of economic growth and development of the state.
To create a strong statistical data base as well as to conduct different statistical activities in the State, the Directorate with its Head Office at Jayanagar, Guwahati has 23 District Offices and 13 Sub-Divisional Offices. District Offices are headed by Deputy Directors and Sub-Divisional Offices are headed by Statistical Officers. These officers are from Economics and Statistical Service, Assam. In addition, there are two Regional Offices headed by 2(two) Joint Directors- one for two Autonomous Hills Districts of Karbi-Anglong and Dima-Hasao and the other for four Bodoland Territorial Area Districts. It is pertinent to mention here that the Offices of Marigaon, Dhemaji and Tinisukia District are still working as Sub-Divisional Office although the other State Government Offices of these Districts are functioning with the status of District Level Offices.
Keeping in view of the importance of village level statistics, the State Govt. has created 134 post of Community Development Statistical Officer in the rank of Sub-Inspector of Statistics to collect and maintain statistical data of each and every villages falling within block boundary. Out of the aforementioned posts created for Community Development Blocks, 20 posts have been abolished by the Govt. At present 73 Sub-Inspectors of Statistics have been working for 219 C. D. Blocks. In addition to the above, the services of large numbers statistical personnel of this Directorate have been placed (on deputation) in various State Govt. departments to strengthen the statistical mechanism of those Departments.