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Government Of Assam Transformation and Development Directorate of Economics and Statistics

State Profile of Assam


    Assam, the gateway to the North East India is the largest State in the North East is bordering seven states viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Monipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and West Bengal and two countries viz. Bangladesh & Bhutan. The State is endowed with abundant fertile land and water resources with total geographical area of 78,438 sq.km. of which 98.4 % area is rural. Assam shares about 2.4 % of the country’s total geographical area and provides shelter to 2.6 % population of the country. Most of the state population lives in the lush valleys of its two major river system in the 30 districts of the Brahmaputra valley & 3 districts of the Barak valley. Less densely populated three hill districts viz. Karbi-Along, West Karbi-Along & Dima Hasao, set in the low-laying hills that separate the two valleys. For administrative and revenue purposes, the state  has 33 districts including four districts Under the Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) area viz. Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baska & Udalguri and 6 newly created districts viz., Biswanath, Charaideo, Hojai, South Salmara-Macachar ,  West Karbi-Anglong and Majuli.

    The State has been blessed bountiful by nature. The mighty Brahmaputra truncating the state, the Barak river in the south and their tributaries provide abundant water resource; the dense forest cover is home to a wide range of valuable timber, bamboo & medical plants; the state reserve of oil and natural gas; the fertile valleys & hills lopes nourish tea gardens and horticultural crops while the rich and fertile soil lend itself to raising vital food-grains.

    Assam is administratively divided into 33 district with 80 sub-division, 219 Development Blocks and 2202 Gaon Panchayats, out of which 3 districts with 4 sub-divisions & 16 Development Blocks are under three hill districts of Karbi-Along, East Karbi-Along & Dima Hasao. Further, four district with eight sub-divisions are under Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) area viz Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baska & Udalguri. The Brahmaputra valley consists of North Bank Plains Zone (NBPZ), Upper Brahmaputra valley Zone (UBVZ), Central Brahmaputra valley Zone (CBVZ) and Lower Brahmaputra Valley Zone (LBVZ), whereas the Barak Valley Zone mainly consists of plain area of three districts, viz. Cachar, Karimganj & Hailakandi.

    The State is severely affected by floods during rainy seasons causing enormous damage to crops, livestock, land, property & bringing untold miseries to the people at large. Both the Brahmaputra and Barak Valley witness devastating floods every year, which not only washes away valuable life & crops, but also lead to bank erosion and drainage congestion, virtually destroy the economy, more particularly, the rural economy of the State. 

    Assam has heterogeneous population with socio-cultural & ethnic diversity. According to the Census of India, 2011 the population of Assam stands at 312.05 lakh of which 159.39 lakh are male and 152.66 lakh are female. The decadal growth of the State’s population works out at 17.07 percent during the decade 2001-2011 as against 17.68 percent for the country as a whole. Out of the total 312.05 lakh population, 86 percent population live in rural areas & 14 percent population live in urban areas of the State. The density of the population of Assam has increased to 398 persons in 2011 from 340 persons in 2001 Census or on an average, 58 more people inhabit every square kilometer in the State as compared to a decade ago.

    For detail information it may refer - Assam at a Glance 2016.

    Geographical Location- 
    Latitude:24 N° - 28 N°
    Longitude:90 E° - 96 E°
    Geographical Area (Sq. Km.):78438
    Average Rainfall (in mm):2077.8
    Districts [Year 2016]:33
    Sub-dividions [Year 2016]:80
    Revenue Circle:184
    Zilla Parishad:20
    Anchalik Panchayat:189
    Gaon Panchayat:2202
    Total Population [Census 2011]:31205576
    Male Population [Census 2011]:15939443
    Female Population [Census 2011]:15266133
    Rural Population [Census 2011]:26807034
    Urban Population [Census 2011]:4398542
    Sex Ratio (female per 1000 male) [Census 2011]:958
    Population Density (per Sq. Km.) [Census 2011]:398
    Child Population (0-6 Years) [Census 2011]:4638130
    Child Sex Ratio (0-6 Years) [Census 2011]:962
    Literacy Rate (%) [Census 2011]:72.19
    Literacy Rate (%) (Rural) [Census 2011]:69.34
    Literacy Rate (%) (Urban) [Census 2011]:88.47
    Male Literacy Rate (%) [Census 2011]:77.85
    Male Literacy Rate (Rural) [Census 2011]:75.4
    Male Literacy Rate (Urban) [Census 2011]:91.8
    Female Literacy Rate (%) [Census 2011]:66.27
    Female Literacy Rate (Rural) [Census 2011]:63.0
    Female Literacy Rate (Urban) [Census 2011]:84.9
    Birth Rate (Per 1000) [2014]:22.4
    Death Rate (Per 1000) [2014]:7.2
    BPL Population [Tendulkar Methodology (2011-12)]31.98
    Per Capita NSDP at Current Price (in Rs.) [2015-16(Q)]:60952
    Per Capita GSDP at Current Price (in Rs.) [2015-16(Q)]:67742
    Revenue Receipts (Rs. in Lakh) [2016-17(BE)]:6617988
    Central Taxes:1893828
    State Taxes:1563430
    Non-tax Revenue (Collected by the State):584652
    Revenue Expenditure (Rs. in Lakh) [2016-17(BE)]:6245904
    General Services:2011592
    Social and Community Services:2907793
    Economic Services:1257074
    Grants-in-aid & Contribution:69445
    Land Utilisation, (in Hect.) [2014-15(P)]:- 
    Total Reported Area:7843800
    Forest Area:1852676
    Area under Non-agricultural Uses:2460317
    Net Area Sown:2827324
    Total Cropped Area:4082594
    Area under (‘000 Hect) [2015-16(P)]:- 
    Total Food Grains:2683
    Total Oil Seeds:330
    Production of (‘000 Tonne) [2015-16(P)]:- 
    Total Pulses:108
    Total Food Grains:5359
    Total Oil Seeds (Exc. Coconut):215
    Number of Operational Holding [2010-11]:- 
    Marginal (below 1 Hectare):1831115
    Small (1.0 to 2.0 Hectare):496574
    Semi Medium (2.0 to 4.0 Hectare):303528
    Medium (4.0 to 10.0 Hectare):84869
    Large (above 10.0 Hectare):4137
    Average size of Operational Holding (in Hectare):1.10
    Net Irrigated Area (in Hect.):178651
    Gross Irrigated Area (in Hect.):219016
    Production of [2015-16]:- 
    Milk (Million Litres):888
    Egg (Million Nos.):474
    Meat (‘000 Tonnes):44.81
    Veterinary Facilities:- 
    Dispensaries & Block Dispensaries:436
    Key Village Centre:30
    Total Area under Fisheries (Hect.) [2015-16]:286259
    River Fisheries (Km.) [2015-16]:4820
    Production of Fish Seeds (Million Nos.) [2015-16]:5678.39
    Production of Fish (Tonne) [2015-16]:294200
    Area under Reserved Forest (Hect.) [2015-16]:1397315.87
    Number of National Parks:5
    Number of Wildlife Sanctuaries:18
    Installed Capacity of Generating Plant (in M.W.) [2015-16]:379.7
    Gross Unit Generation (M.U.) [2015-16]:1851.10
    Energy Requirement (M.U.) [2015-16]:7857.00
    Availability (M.U.) of Electricity [2015-16]:7571
    % of Villages Electrified:88
    % of Household having Electricity:37
    Production of:- 
    Petroleum (Crude) (‘000 Tonnes) [2015-16]:4513
    Coal (‘000 Tonnes):397
    Lime Stone ('000 Tonnes) [2015-16]:442
    Natural Gas (MCM) [2015-16]:2903
    Registered Factories [2015]:5799
    Workers in Regd. Factories:219903
    Sericulture Villages [2015-16]:11281
    Families Engaged in Sericulture [2015-16]:496901
    Production of Silk Yarn ('000 Kg) [2015-16]:2712.8
    Tea Gardens (Nos.) [2016]: 
    Small Growers:84577
    Big Growers:767
    Area under Tea Cultivation (Hect.) [2016]: 
    Small Growers:78203
    Big Growers:226197
    Production of Tea (‘000 Kg.) [2016]:642180
    Tea Sold in Guwahati Tea Auction Centre (Rs. per Kg.) [2015]:138.96
    Total Vehicles on Road [2015-16]:2666589
    No. of Motor Vehicles per ‘00 Sq. Km. of Geographical Area:3400
    No. of Motor Vehicles per Lakhs of Population [2015-16]:8547
    No. of Post Offices [2015-16]:4011
    P.W.D Road Length (in Km.) [2016]:- 
    Surfaced (Blacktopped):44862
    National Highway:3862.54
    State Highway:2530
    Total P.W.D Road:44862
    Total Road Length (including NH):48724.54
    Railway Route Length (in Km.):- 
    Broad gauge:2400.85
    Meter gauge:41.72
    All Scheduled Commercial Banks (reporting) [2016]:- 
    Total Offices (Nos.):2177
    Total Deposit (Rs. in Crore):103794
    Total Credit (Rs. in Crore):42671
    Credit Deposit Ratio:41.10
    Population Covered per Bank office (‘000 Person):14
    No. of Institution [2015-16]:- 
    Lower Primary:40480
    Upper Primary:11591
    High and Higher Secondary:8241
    College for General Education:344
    Junior College:657
    College for Professional Education: 
    Agriculture & Forestry:2
    Technology and Engg. College:18
    Medical College (Homeo/Ayurvedic/Dental etc.):11
    Enrolment (in Nos.):- 
    Lower Primary:2925349
    Upper Primary:1452778
    High and Higher Secondary:1150746
    Drop out Rate:- 
    Lower Primary (%):15.4
    Upper Primary (%):10.5
    Civil Hospitals [2015-16]:25
    Sub-divisional Civil Hospitals:13
    Primary Health Centres:1014
    Community Health Centres:151
    Infant Mortality Rate (Per ‘000):49
    Neo-Natal Mortality Rate (Per '000):26
    Under Five Mortality Rate (Per '000):66
    No. of Co-operative Societies [2014-15]:9222
    No. of Job Card issued (MGNREGA) [2014-15]:4588555
    No. of Household provided 100 days Employment [2015-16]:42362
    Employment Generated (Lakh mandays):486.43
    State Profile of Assam
    Assam At a Glance -2016267.44 KBswf-image